Brahma-vidya essentially is the knowledge of one’s true Self.
Unfolded through the Vedantic scriptures, this knowledge of one’s true Self establishes the oneness of the individual and Brahman, the Cosmic Being or the Supreme Consciousness. This great knowledge has been passed on in an unbroken lineage from the acharyas (spiritual teachers) and mahatmas (saints) like Sri Adi Shankaracharya (788 CE – 832 AD) to the Shishyas (students) through a Sampradaya, a living teaching tradition which has been an intrinsic part of the Indian tradition.
Brahma-vidya is not a subject that can be understood and realised by mere intellectual study, reasoning or even by discussions and arguments. The Acharya imparts this knowledge to the Shishya by unfolding the profound inner meaning of the scriptures going way beyond the intellectual or academic study, thereby leading him to the discovery of his oneness with Brahman.